The Fort Daniel Foundation, Inc.

The Fort Daniel Archaeological Site is located in Hog Mountain, Gwinnett County, Georgia


Fort Daniel Saved   ♦   SGA War of 1812 Poster   ♦   The Fort Daniel Book   ♦     Ft. Peachtree News  ♦  Awards

Contact Us

Download .pdf & .px Media Presentations,  or brochures. Large files take longer to download.   

The Search for Fort Daniel.pdf 

The 2009 Frontier Faire.px

Bob Coffey Presentation w/sound 

2010 Frontier Faire.pdf

         Bob Coffey Presentation

2010 FD Brickmaking.pdf

Reading Bricks.,pdf


Forts Daniel & Peachtree

8 mins./sound updated 9.14

MediaShows/_overlay/Fort Construction.pdf











What is Archaeology?  

Teaching aid for use with SGA's Frontiers in the Soil                               (an FDF/GARS/SGA Project)






Arch 4 Students Brochure


Fort Daniel Brochure   


Board of Commissions Proclamation 2014

(This is an 89MB MP4 Video)

Coming Soon!  A new web site.  We apologize for how our site may now be displaying in your browser!  Be sure to see current news at

Our Mission

The Fort Daniel Foundation (FDF), founded in 2009, is a nonprofit, tax-exempt (501e3) organization composed of professional and avocational archaeologists, descendents of militiamen associated with Fort Daniel during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and interested members of the general public.  Our mission is to preserve the Fort Daniel archaeological site by promoting the creation of the Fort Daniel Historic Site and Archaeological Research Park, as a permanent archaeological research preserve available to researchers, historians and educators where an active learning facility will provide for:

  • teaching the value of our cultural heritage, particularly as it is contained in archaeological sites;

  • training and mentoring of archaeology students;

  • public archaeology opportunities;

  • maintenance of a field laboratory where artifacts will be processed and conserved;

  • creation of a field museum where artifacts and interpretive displays will be exhibited for the public.

*See FDF document: "The Use of Archaeology in the Georgia State Curriculum, Grades 4-8."  

(*)The Foundation is actively working with Fort Daniel Elementary School and Twin Rivers Middle School, as well as Georgia Gwinnett College and Georgia State College faculty and students.


Summer 2007 - Gwinnett Archaeological Research Society (GARS) begins investigations at Fort Daniel site.

Spring 2008 - "Friends of Fort Daniel" organized to work to save site from commercial or residential development.

Winter 2008 - DNR determines Fort Daniel archaeological site "eligible" for National Register of Historic Places.

Spring 2009 Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation names Fort Daniel to 2009 list of Places In Peril.

Spring 2009 - "Fort Daniel Historic Site and Archaeological Research Park" Master Plan completed with Georgia Trust matching grant.

Summer 2009 - "Friends of Fort Daniel" become, "The Fort Daniel Foundation, Incorporated."

Spring 2010 - IRS grants the Foundation tax-exempt (501(e)(3) status retroactive to July 2009.

Summer/Fall 2010 - Archaeological excavations determine most of the footprint of the fort.  (See images below and  most recent short media presentation)

Winter 2011 - Second Ground Penetrating Radar survey by GSU of Fort's interior showing new targets for future excavation.

Spring 2012 - Fort Daniel Expo  in conjunction with the Society for Georgia Archaeology Annual Spring Meeting, celebrating the War of 1812 Bicentennial. See the Poster.

Fall 2012 - Fourth Annual Frontier Faire and celebration of the 2nd Annual National Archaeology Day.

December 2012 - The Fort Daniel site is purchased by Gwinnett County in order to preserve it for future generations.

March 2013 -  The Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners signs a 25-year lease agreement with the Fort Daniel Foundation, Inc., effectively vesting the Foundation with  management, development, and preservation responsibilities for the site.

October 2013 - The 5th Annual Frontier Faire and Bicentennial of the construction of Fort Daniel.

December 2013 - The GHS Historic Preservation Award: in recogniton of efforts to preserve the Fort Daniel Site.

June 2014 - The AASLH Albert B. Corey Leadership in History Award: In recognition of achievement in the preservation and interpretation of state and local history at the Fort Daniel Historic and Archaeological Research Site.

September 2014 - The 6th Annual Frontier Faire

April 2015 - Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation Preservation Award.


Archaeology Update

[also see History Update and Press Release]

Excavations during the May, 2010 Archaeology Month/Frontier Faire weekend located the south end of the west wall trench.  With this and the previously excavated west end of the south wall, we were able to determine the footprint and size of the SW corner blockhouse as pictured below.


On August 14, 2010 we found the east end of the south wall trench and its corner with the east wall as pictured below.  It is now clear that the ditch, excavated in 2007-2009 (and thought to be a latrine ditch) is actually the northern 14' of the east wall and that there was a gate  south of this segment as suggested by the gap in the trench line.  Excavations during the 2013 Frontier Faire may have found the other side of that gate. There was convincing evidence that there was also a blockhouse in the northeast corner.   In 2010, the NW corner of the fort was located  its projection to the east, and abrupt end of that north wall segment, in a unit placed to mirror the location of the west end of the south wall, bore out the hypothesis of a NE blockhouse (see photo below)


Known wall trench features, including SW & NE blockhouses and NE & SE corners,  now provide a good idea of the fort's footprint, which is shown below superimposed on a gradient map based on the  2007 metal detection survey.  Grids are 20' x 20' and oriented 13 degrees west of north based on the property boundary which serves as the baseline for the grid.  The fort is oriented on a N/S axis.

In 1794, General Knox, U.S. Secretary of War, sent the fort plan pictured below to the Governor of Georgia. The plan is about 18% larger (and flipped horizontally) than the Fort Daniel plan as determined by archaeology. Note the postions of two 6-ft wide gates (A A) in Knox's plan. The conjectured Fort Daniel east wall gate, mentioned above, is depicted as the gap in the east wall on the plan above. Compare this with Knox's plan below. 



In January 2011 a new GPR survey of the fort area, including areas not previously covered in the 2007 survey, carrired out by GSouthernU's Sheldon Skaggs, produced a convincing picture of the fort's subsurface features as seen in this composite of the 2007 and 2011 GPR surveys and the (flipped) Knox graphic on the right.  Image courtesy of Sheldon Skaggs.  


Sheldons Image



Update continued...

Beginning with the 2011 Frontier Faire, Glover and his students and GARS members have been investigating one of the "hot" spots on Skaggs' GPR image. It turned out to be  stump pull. Because prehistoric stone tools, but no historic artifacts were found in the stump "hole," this suggests that the stump was pulled as part of the construction of the fort and not by a farmer years after the fort was abandoned. Below is overhead view of the feature showing bottom of the Level 1 (plow zone) and top of Level 2 where the feature was identified (center) & before excavation of the feature. What appears to be brick, is actually burned clay subsequently "squared-off" by years of plowing.  Clay, pulled up when stump was pulled, was burned when stump and other debris were burned.


In 2012 Dr. Glover's students began excavations in the NE Blockhouse where they have recovered a number of artifacts including buttons, bullets, wrought and machine-made nails, a flint and a variety of ceramics.  A partially mended Prattware Teacup by Shannon Coffee, is pictured below. Similar war was recovered in 2014 (see below).

    Prattware Teacup


During the 2014 Faire GSU students began work on bisecting the Hearth feature in the SW Blockhouse.  Using the latest technology for photogrammetric processing of digital images to generates 3D spatial data and the GSU "Quad Copter" for aerial views, we have the photo below. Bisection of the feature is yet completed.


Below - Interesting artifacts recovered by students from Elementary School thru College - including the GSU group and other adults - during community archaeology:

The 5th (2013) Annual Frontier Faire:


Tombac (copper) button

.75” dia.

near SE BH


Shot (buck ‘n ball)

~30 cal



Shot (fired?)

~30 cal



Knife blade frag. w/ tang




Two brads/tacks

~ 5/8”

NE BH &  Unit 13x


Type 3c/d  hand-headed cut nail

~2” (1805-10)

S Wall at SE BH


Earthenware (chamber pot) rim

~11.25” dia.

S Wall at SE BH

The 6th (2014) Annual Frontier Faire:


Selected “best” artifacts from the Fort Daniel Elementary School excavation unit #40 in NEBlockhouse:1. Metal “hook”; 2. Cut nail – brad; 3. Musket shot(distorted); 4. Brandy bottle fragment; 5. Matched fragments of Polychrome hand-painted pearlware (see GAB I:8 page 4 for previous find comparison); 6. Clay pipe stem fragment; 7. Blueshell edge fragment; 8. Green shell edge fragment; 9. Quartzite flake;

    Edit 6.6.15